This course introduces the physical properties of materials and related procedures used in dentistry. Topics include restorative and preventive materials, fabrication of casts and appliances, and chairside functions of the dental hygienist. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate proficiency in the laboratory and/or clinical application of routinely used dental materials and chairside functions.

Prerequisites: DEN 111

Corequisites: None

Class Hours: 1        Lab Hours: 3        Clinical/Work Exp.: 0        Credit Hours: 2


  • State the main objectives of restorative dentistry. Student will be able to explain how ADA, FDA and ISO evaluate or classify dental drugs, materials, instruments, and equipment.

  • Describe the properties of Dental materials including characteristics of metals, ceramics, plastics, and composites.

  • Define wetting and names of units of measurement for density, heat capacity, stress, strain, modulus of elasticity.

  • Describe an adhesive. Explain the difference between enamel tags, smear layer, primer and adhesive.

  • Describe and list preventive dental materials including fluorides, pit and fissure sealants and mouth protectors. Summarize the steps for applying a sealant.

  • Describe the uses of direct esthetic restorative materials including composites, compomers, glass ionomers, bonding agents and light-curing units.

  • Describe the types of silver alloy available for amalgam in terms of copper content and particle shape, and explain the clinical consequences of using these different alloy types.

  • Give the purpose and distinguish between finishing, polishing, and cleansing abrasives.

  • List the uses of each type of cement as a luting agent, base, filling material, temporary restoration, intermediate restoration, periodontal pack, or temporary cement.

  • Describe the function of an impression material. Differentiate between a model, a cast, and a die. Describe various types of impression trays. Differentiate between elastic and inelastic impression materials, and reversible and irreversible impression materials.

  • Summarize the recommended technique for use of gypsum products for mearusing, mixing, and filling the impression.

  • Describe the difference between pattern waxes and processing waxes.

  • Define and give examples of noble and base metals dealing with dental casting alloys and solders.

  • Describe overall steps involved in the lost-wax technique and the accuracy of this process when casting dental metals.

  • Define and describe the function of a polymerization initiator and list two methods by which an initiator can be decomposed when used with plastics in prosthetics. Describe the steps involved in construction of a denture.

  • Describe the ingredients used to make traditional dental porcelain and describe the glassy and crystalline phases that make up porcelain, in addition to the three ranges of fusing temperatures of traditional dental porcelain.

  • Understand the differences among subperiosteal, transperiosteal, and endosseous implants, and identify which is used primarily in current dental practice.

  • Describe the components of a fixed orthodontic appliance. Summarize the procedures involved in root canal therapy.

  • Identify various dental tissues and materials on a radiograph.

  • Briefly define the following terms: cutting, abrasion, finishing, polishing, abrasive.

  • Define tooth whitening and explain the difference between vital and nonvital tooth whitening. Identify two agents used for nonvital tooth whitening.

  • List the different oral appliances used in dentistry. Explain the steps involved in fabricating an oral appliance.

  • Summarize the problems or conditions that can affect instruments, including corrosion, rust, pitting, spotting, and stains. Recall the advantages and disadvantages of the four methods of sterilizing instruments.

  • Define and appreciate the practice of universal precautions in dentistry. Appreciate the significance of an office exposure control plan and protocol for managing exposure to bloodborne pathogens. Describe the infectious, physical, and chemical hazards in a dental office and in the dental lab.

  • Describe an effective infection-control protocol for handling impressions and dental appliances that are transferred between the dental operatory and the dental laboratory within the dental office or to an outside commercial laboratory.

  • Describe the use or purpose of the following materials: calcium hydroxide, zinc phosphate, glass ionomers, zinc oxide-eugenol (ZOE), temporary cement.

  • List the indications and contraindications for placing the rubber dam.

  • Explain the rationale for amalgam finishing and polishing.

  • Demonstrate proper mixing of the alginate as well as loading, seating, and removal of the tray to obtain acceptable alginate impressions.

  • Use a gypsum product to pour a study model from an impression. Trim the study model on the model trimmer. Critique the completed study model for acceptable cuts.

  • Explain the rationale for removing composite adhesive resin from the teeth after orthodontic treatment.

  • Differentiate between different types of periodontal dressings.

  • Remove surgical dressing without contamination of or damage to the tissues.

  • Describe reasons for placing a temporary crown.


A Excellent 4 Grade Points Numerical grade of 90 - 100
B Above Average 3 Grade Points Numerical grade of 80 - 89
C Average 2 Grade Points Numerical grade of 70 - 79
D Below Average 1 Grade Point Numerical grade of 60 - 69
F Failed 0 Grade Point Numerical below 60
WP Withdraw Passing 0 Grade Point Issued if the course is dropped after the
census date and on or before the 60% point
of the course unless the instructor issues
a WF based on extenuating circumstances
WF Withdraw Failing 0 Grade Point Issued if the course is dropped after the
60% point of the course or the instructor
chooses based on extenuating circumstances


Regular, prompt attendance is essential for academic success. Students should strive for perfect attendance. It is recognized, however, that students may be absent from class occasionally. Students should reference the instructor's syllabus to determine the attendance requirement for this course. The instructor is responsible for enforcing the attendance requirement. It is the student's responsibility to withdraw from the course. Students may complete the withdrawal process in the Advising Center. Students may receive a grade of WP if they withdraw from a course by the 60% point/date of the course. Any student withdrawals that occur after the 60% point will result in a grade of WF. Exceptions to the "WF" grade may exist if the student has a mitigating circumstance. Students are encouraged to discuss withdrawal options with the faculty member and complete the withdrawal process in the Advising Center.


If you have a documented disability and wish to discuss academic accommodations, please contact Frank Pait, Counselor for Students with Disabilities, at extension 4222, in the Learning Assistance Center (LAC) located on the first floor of the Cuyler A. Dunbar Building (CAD).

If you are a student with a mobility impairment and have a class in a multi-story building, please discuss evacuation plans with your instructor.


Students shall be permitted excused absences from all classes two days per academic year for religious observances required by their faith. The absences requested in accordance with this policy are "one of" and not "in addition to" any absences otherwise permitted by the faculty for a class. The excused absence request must be submitted by the second class meeting and a minimum of two (2) weeks in advance of the absence. Please contact your instructor for the required forms.


Students at CVCC are expected to be honest in all academic pursuits, whether class, lab, shop, or clinical. Acts of academic dishonesty are considered unethical and subject to behavior sanctions. Examples of academic dishonesty include, but are not limited to the following:

1. Sharing information about the content of quizzes, exams, classroom/lab/shop/clinical assignments (scheduled or make-up) without approval of the instructor including but not limited to unauthorized copying, collaboration, or use of notes, books, or other materials when preparing for or completing examinations or other academic assignments (scheduled or make-up).

2. Buying, selling, or otherwise obtaining a copy of a quiz, exams, project, term paper, or like document, without approval of the instructor.

3. Plagiarism, which is defined as the intentional representation of another person's work, words, thoughts, or ideas (from any source) as one's own.

4. Failing to follow approved test taking procedures by performing such acts as:
  • Looking on another student's test
  • Use of unauthorized notes; written, electronic, or otherwise
  • Changing answers after exam is scored
  • Verbal, non-verbal, or electronic communication with another student during an exam

Instructors have the authority to impose either a warning, probation, or dismissal from the class for acts of academic dishonesty relative to classes under their supervision.

Students have an obligation to report any acts of academic dishonesty to the instructor or appropriate campus authority when reasonable grounds exist for such a report. Students also have a responsibility to cooperate in the investigation of any alleged acts of academic dishonesty. Failure to report acts of academic dishonesty could result in a behavior sanction as outlined in the Student Conduct Policy, Policy 3.18


Reporting and Response to Sexual Violence, Sexual or Gender-based Harassment, and Other Sexual Misconduct

"Title IX Violations" is the term that will be used to include "sexual violence, sexual or gender-based harassment, and other sexual misconduct" and is explained further in Procedure 3.18.2. The Procedure can be found on the CVCC Website under About Us/Procedures.

Procedure 3.18.2 applies exclusively to Title IX Violations allegations. All other forms of harassment and/or discrimination are handled under Policy 3.18: Student Code of Conduct.

Students and/or employees are encouraged to report Title IX Violations in any of its forms, including, but not limited to, sexual or gender-based harassment, rape, sexual assault, other forcible and non-forcible sex offenses, domestic or dating violence, or stalking, and CVCC supports this procedure for students and employees in compliance with Title IX legislation.

Any student who believes that he or she is being, or has been subjected to, Title IX Violations is encouraged to file a report of the alleged Title IX Violations promptly with the Title IX Coordinator, Dean for the School of Access, Development, and Success.


To Report a Serious Emergency Dial 911 from any campus phone or 911 from mobile phones; then dial 711 (Campus Safety & Security) from a campus phone.

For specific CVCC emergencies guidelines, please refer to the CVCC Emergency Guidebook


Quickly get all persons behind a locked door, close blinds, lock all windows/doors, and turn off lights. Sit against an interior wall away from windows and doors (hide). Keep cell phones ON in silent mode or vibrate. Do not leave the locked area until notified by a known CVCC administrator or by law enforcement that the emergency is over.

Seek Shelter (tornados, hurricanes, etc.)
Move to hallways and/or other inner rooms. Stay away from windows and doors. Sit on floor facing the inner wall and shield head with hands. Remain in shelter until notified by CVCC administration or by emergency personnel that the danger is over.

Building Evacuation
Leave the building immediately and proceed to a parking lot location at least 300 feet from the building. Do not delay to retrieve books or other personal items. Do not use elevators. Do not touch suspicious objects. Stay clear of the building once outside. Faculty should take class rosters if possible and account for all students at evacuation locations. Report any special assistance needed to CVCC faculty/staff or to emergency personnel. If you are aware or suspect someone is trapped in a threatened building, notify CVCC faculty/staff or emergency personnel. Remain at your building evacuation location until further instructions are provided by CVCC administration or by emergency personnel. In case of bomb threat, avoid using cell phones and wireless devices; this may detonate the bomb.

Smoke, Fire or Hazardous Materials
Activate the nearest fire alarm. Before attempting to fight a fire, notify someone nearby. Never attempt to fight a fire larger than wastebasket size. Close doors and windows to isolate the problem if the situation permits. If trapped in a building during a fire, use wet towels or cloths to protect you from flames and smoke. Stop/drop/roll if your clothes catch on fire. Do not open doors that feel hot. Always stay between the fire and an exit. Stay low to the floor as you try to exit.

Personal Emergencies
Unless you feel threatened, stay with the victim until emergency personnel arrive. Avoid contact with bodily fluids. Stay calm and try to minimize panic. If the person is conscious, ask if he/she is a High School student (if so, include this information in your 911 call).

Emergency Procedures Revised: April 4, 2012

Cell phone backup to 711 Campus Safety & Security:

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