This course provides an introduction to a variety of material-working processes that are common to the machining industry. Topics include safety, process-specific machining equipment, measurement devices, set-up and layout instruments, and common shop practices. Upon completion, students should be able to safely demonstrate basic machining operations, accurately measure components, and effectively use layout instruments.

Prerequisites: ENG 002, MAT 003

Corequisites: None.

Class Hours: 2        Lab Hours: 6        Clinical/Work Exp.: 0        Credit Hours: 4


  • Define the term machining.

  • Define a machine tool.

  • Discuss the principles of the basic types of machining processes.

  • Define OSHA and describe its purpose.

  • Describe appropriate clothing for a machining environment.

  • Identify appropriate PPE used in a machining environment.

  • Describe proper housekeeping for a machining environment.

  • Describe the purpose of lockout/tagout procedures.

  • Define the terms NFPA and HMIS.

  • Identify and interpret NFPA and HMIS labeling systems.

  • Define the term MSDS.

  • Identify and interpret MSDS terms.

  • Interpret MSDS information.

  • Select the proper fire extinguisher application.

  • Define comparative measurement.

  • Demonstrate understanding of care of common semi-precision measuring instruments.

  • Read an English rule to within 1/64 of an inch.

  • Read an English (decimal) rule to within 1/100 of an inch.

  • Read a metric rule within 0.5 mm.

  • Identify and explain the uses of semi-precision calipers.

  • Identify and explain the uses of squares.

  • Identify and explain the uses of the combination set.

  • Identify and explain the uses of protractors.

  • Read protractors within 1 degree.

  • Identify and explain the uses of common semi-precision fixed gages.

  • Explain the care of precision measuring tools.

  • Identify and explain the use of common precision fixed gages.

  • Identify the parts of an outside micrometer.

  • Describe the process of outside micrometer calibration.

  • Identify and describe uses of micrometer-type measuring tools.

  • Read an English micrometer within 0.001.

  • Identify and describe uses of vernier measuring tools.

  • Read vernier scales.

  • Read a vernier bevel protractor.

  • Identify and explain uses of precision transfer-type measuring instruments.

  • Identify features of dial indicators and explain their uses.

  • Identify features of dial indicators and explain their uses.

  • Explain the purpose of a surface plate.

  • Identify gage blocks and their uses, and calculate gage block builds.

  • Identify and explain the uses of simple and compound sine tools.

  • Discuss methods for measuring surface finishes.

  • Identify and discuss the use of an optical comparator.

  • Define quality assurance.

  • Discuss the purpose of a process plan and describe its major parts.

  • Define and discuss the purpose of quality control.

  • Discuss the purpose of an inspection plan and describe its key points.

  • Define SPC and its purpose.

  • Describe the difference between ferrous and nonferrous metals.

  • Compare and contrast low-, medium-, and high-carbon steels.

  • Define an alloy and an alloying element.

  • Describe the differences/similarities between steel and cast iron.

  • Demonstrate understanding of the AISI/SAE system of classification for steels.

  • Describe the importance of a routine maintenance program.

  • Identify different methods of machine tool lubrication.

  • Describe routine machine tool maintenance inspection points.

  • Describe the purpose of cutting fluids.

  • Describe common types of cutting fluids.

  • Describe methods of application of cutting fluids.

  • Define layout and explain its purpose.

  • Identify and use common semi-precision layout tools.

  • Identify and use common precision layout tools.

  • Perform typical mathematical calculations required to perform layout.

  • Perform basic layout procedures.

  • Identify common hand tools.

  • Describe the uses for common hand tools.

  • Describe hand tool safety precautions.

  • Identify the various sawing machines used in the machine shop.

  • Demonstrate the ability to operate band saws safely.

  • Define blade pitch.

  • Describe how to select proper band saw blade width.

  • Describe the band welding procedure.

  • Describe blade mounting procedure for the vertical band saw.

  • Identify uses of offhand grinding.

  • Select the correct grinding wheel for the operation to be performed.

  • Identify different types of offhand grinding machines.

  • Install and dress a grinding wheel.

  • Set up a pedestal grinder for safe operation.

  • Safely perform offhand grinding.

  • Demonstrate understanding of benchwork drilling operations.

  • Demonstrate understanding of countersinking, spotfacing, and counterboring.

  • Identify various reamer types and explain their use.

  • Demonstrate understanding of standardized thread systems and their designations.

  • Identify various tap types and explain their use.

  • Demonstrate understanding of tap drill selection.

  • Identify various thread-cutting die types and explain their use.

  • Demonstrate understanding of tap removal techniques.

  • Identify types of drill presses.

  • Identify the major components of the drill press and their functions.

  • Identify the major parts of the twist drill.

  • Explain the function of each part of the twist drill.

  • Explain the various toolholding and workholding devices used on the drill press.

  • Identify which type of toolholding and workholding device should be used in various situations.

  • Describe drill press safety procedures.

  • Define cutting speed and perform speed and feed calculations for holemaking operations.

  • Explain procedures for drilling operations.

  • Explain procedures for reaming operations.

  • Explain procedures for countersinking operations and calculate countersink feed depth.

  • Explain procedures for counterboring/spotfacing operations.

  • Explain procedures for tapping operations and estimate number of tap turns to achieve a given thread depth.

  • Explain the principal operation of a lathe.

  • Identify and explain the functions of the parts of the lathe.

  • Explain how lathe size is specified.

  • Explain the differences between universal-type and independent-type chucks.

  • Explain the function and application of a three-jaw universal chuck.

  • Explain the function and application of a four-jaw independent chuck.

  • Explain the function and application of collets.

  • Explain the application of various types of lathe centers and related equipment.

  • Identify and describe the function of mandrels.

  • Identify and explain the applications of a steady rest and follow rest.

  • Identify and explain functions of various toolholding devices.


A Excellent 4 Grade Points Numerical grade of 90 - 100
B Above Average 3 Grade Points Numerical grade of 80 - 89
C Average 2 Grade Points Numerical grade of 70 - 79
D Below Average 1 Grade Point Numerical grade of 60 - 69
F Failed 0 Grade Point Numerical below 60
WP Withdraw Passing 0 Grade Point Issued if the course is dropped after the
census date and on or before the 60% point
of the course unless the instructor issues
a WF based on extenuating circumstances
WF Withdraw Failing 0 Grade Point Issued if the course is dropped after the
60% point of the course or the instructor
chooses based on extenuating circumstances


Regular, prompt attendance is essential for academic success. Students should strive for perfect attendance. It is recognized, however, that students may be absent from class occasionally. Students should reference the instructor's syllabus to determine the attendance requirement for this course. The instructor is responsible for enforcing the attendance requirement. It is the student's responsibility to withdraw from the course. Students may complete the withdrawal process in the Advising Center. Students may receive a grade of WP if they withdraw from a course by the 60% point/date of the course. Any student withdrawals that occur after the 60% point will result in a grade of WF. Exceptions to the "WF" grade may exist if the student has a mitigating circumstance. Students are encouraged to discuss withdrawal options with the faculty member and complete the withdrawal process in the Advising Center. Students who come in after the scheduled starting time or students who leave before the scheduled ending time will be counted as tardy. Students should reference the instructor's syllabus to determine the tardy requirement for this course. The instructor is responsible for enforcing the tardy requirement.


To preserve the best learning environment for all students, all cell phones and other electronic devices must be turned off and stored with other personal property in book bags while class is in session. Ear buds must be removed. If a student uses these devices during class, the instructor will require the student to leave because text messaging and other activities disturb the class and prevent others from concentrating on class work. If a student uses electronic devices during a test or quiz, a zero will be recorded for that assignment, and the instructor may withdraw the student from the course. The use of a phone in any way during a test or the discussion of a graded test is strictly prohibited and considered cheating.


If you have a documented disability and wish to discuss academic accommodations, please contact Frank Pait, Counselor for Students with Disabilities, at extension 4222, in the Learning Assistance Center (LAC) located on the first floor of the Cuyler A. Dunbar Building (CAD).

If you are a student with a mobility impairment and have a class in a multi-story building, please discuss evacuation plans with your instructor.


Students shall be permitted excused absences from all classes two days per academic year for religious observances required by their faith. The absences requested in accordance with this policy are "one of" and not "in addition to" any absences otherwise permitted by the faculty for a class. The excused absence request must be submitted by the second class meeting and a minimum of two (2) weeks in advance of the absence. Please contact your instructor for the required forms.


Students at CVCC are expected to be honest in all academic pursuits, whether class, lab, shop, or clinical. Acts of academic dishonesty are considered unethical and subject to behavior sanctions. Examples of academic dishonesty include, but are not limited to the following:

1. Sharing information about the content of quizzes, exams, classroom/lab/shop/clinical assignments (scheduled or make-up) without approval of the instructor including but not limited to unauthorized copying, collaboration, or use of notes, books, or other materials when preparing for or completing examinations or other academic assignments (scheduled or make-up).

2. Buying, selling, or otherwise obtaining a copy of a quiz, exams, project, term paper, or like document, without approval of the instructor.

3. Plagiarism, which is defined as the intentional representation of another person's work, words, thoughts, or ideas (from any source) as one's own.

4. Failing to follow approved test taking procedures by performing such acts as:
  • Looking on another student's test
  • Use of unauthorized notes; written, electronic, or otherwise
  • Changing answers after exam is scored
  • Verbal, non-verbal, or electronic communication with another student during an exam

Instructors have the authority to impose either a warning, probation, or dismissal from the class for acts of academic dishonesty relative to classes under their supervision.

Students have an obligation to report any acts of academic dishonesty to the instructor or appropriate campus authority when reasonable grounds exist for such a report. Students also have a responsibility to cooperate in the investigation of any alleged acts of academic dishonesty. Failure to report acts of academic dishonesty could result in a behavior sanction as outlined in the Student Conduct Policy, Policy 3.18


Reporting and Response to Sexual Violence, Sexual or Gender-based Harassment, and Other Sexual Misconduct

"Title IX Violations" is the term that will be used to include "sexual violence, sexual or gender-based harassment, and other sexual misconduct" and is explained further in Procedure 3.18.2. The Procedure can be found on the CVCC Website under About Us/Procedures.

Procedure 3.18.2 applies exclusively to Title IX Violations allegations. All other forms of harassment and/or discrimination are handled under Policy 3.18: Student Code of Conduct.

Students and/or employees are encouraged to report Title IX Violations in any of its forms, including, but not limited to, sexual or gender-based harassment, rape, sexual assault, other forcible and non-forcible sex offenses, domestic or dating violence, or stalking, and CVCC supports this procedure for students and employees in compliance with Title IX legislation.

Any student who believes that he or she is being, or has been subjected to, Title IX Violations is encouraged to file a report of the alleged Title IX Violations promptly with the Title IX Coordinator, Dean for the School of Access, Development, and Success.


To Report a Serious Emergency Dial 911 from any campus phone or 911 from mobile phones; then dial 711 (Campus Safety & Security) from a campus phone.

For specific CVCC emergencies guidelines, please refer to the CVCC Emergency Guidebook


Quickly get all persons behind a locked door, close blinds, lock all windows/doors, and turn off lights. Sit against an interior wall away from windows and doors (hide). Keep cell phones ON in silent mode or vibrate. Do not leave the locked area until notified by a known CVCC administrator or by law enforcement that the emergency is over.

Seek Shelter (tornados, hurricanes, etc.)
Move to hallways and/or other inner rooms. Stay away from windows and doors. Sit on floor facing the inner wall and shield head with hands. Remain in shelter until notified by CVCC administration or by emergency personnel that the danger is over.

Building Evacuation
Leave the building immediately and proceed to a parking lot location at least 300 feet from the building. Do not delay to retrieve books or other personal items. Do not use elevators. Do not touch suspicious objects. Stay clear of the building once outside. Faculty should take class rosters if possible and account for all students at evacuation locations. Report any special assistance needed to CVCC faculty/staff or to emergency personnel. If you are aware or suspect someone is trapped in a threatened building, notify CVCC faculty/staff or emergency personnel. Remain at your building evacuation location until further instructions are provided by CVCC administration or by emergency personnel. In case of bomb threat, avoid using cell phones and wireless devices; this may detonate the bomb.

Smoke, Fire or Hazardous Materials
Activate the nearest fire alarm. Before attempting to fight a fire, notify someone nearby. Never attempt to fight a fire larger than wastebasket size. Close doors and windows to isolate the problem if the situation permits. If trapped in a building during a fire, use wet towels or cloths to protect you from flames and smoke. Stop/drop/roll if your clothes catch on fire. Do not open doors that feel hot. Always stay between the fire and an exit. Stay low to the floor as you try to exit.

Personal Emergencies
Unless you feel threatened, stay with the victim until emergency personnel arrive. Avoid contact with bodily fluids. Stay calm and try to minimize panic. If the person is conscious, ask if he/she is a High School student (if so, include this information in your 911 call).

Emergency Procedures Revised: April 4, 2012

Cell phone backup to 711 Campus Safety & Security:

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